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SHOWCASE 7-01

German Field Telephones of WW I

  • iTD1 (Armeefernsprecher a/Art) - Army field telephone, old model of 1905 with phonetic signaling. Cylindrical telephone body made of aluminum and covered with black leather. Long push-to-talk key going along the telephone body. Earpiece with thick felt cushion. 

    To be continued after the picture set... 

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During WW I the German Imperial Army used two principally different lines of field telephones for its infantry units. A fairly heavy Feldfernsprecher or "Field Telephones" were in use by signalers in the 2nd and 3rd line positions or at headquarters while each infantry regiment in the front line was equipped by several more lightweight Armeefernsprechgerät or "Army field telephones". 

The Army field telephones originated in 1899 when the first communications units (Telegrafen-Bataillons) of German Imperial Army were raised. The first model of the Army field telephone was of Siemens design of 1894 and was called "Patrouillenapparat". Next the 1905 model has arrived which was in use all thru WW I despite the newer model of 1913, Eiserner Armeefernsprecher or "Iron Army field telephone", has come into production. 

On top of push-to-talk key, "Armeefernsprechgerät alter Art" had two round shaped keys, one at each side of the telephone body. White key on the right side was Calling Button (Summerknopf) while black key on the left side allowed to increase temporarily, the strength of incoming signals. 

Length of the telephone - 275 mm, receiver diameter - 100 mm, weight - 1.4 kg.

We have another sample of Armeefernsprechgerät alter Art together with its standard leather carry bag in our Showcase No. 12.

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