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SHOWCASE 12-11

German Field Telephones of WW I

  • iTD2 (Eiserner Armeefernsprecher) - "Iron" Army Field Telephone, early model 1913 with phonetic signaling. Rectangular telephone body made of iron and covered with black leather. Talk key on the side. Earpiece with rubber cushion. Made by Siemens & Halske. The telephone is sitting on top of its Additional Box (Zusatzkasten zum Armeefernsprecher).

    To be continued after the picture set... 

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During WW I the German Imperial Army used two principally different lines of field telephones for its infantry units. A fairly heavy Feldfernsprecher or "Field Telephones" were in use by signalers in the 2nd and 3rd line positions or at headquarters while each infantry regiment in the front line was equipped by several more lightweight Armeefernsprechgerät or "Army Field Telephones".

The Army Field Telephones originated in 1899 when the first communications units (Telegrafen-Bataillons) of German Imperial Army were raised. The first model of the Army Field Telephone was of Siemens design of 1894 and was called "Patrouillenapparat". Next the 1905 model has arrived which looked very much like the Patrouillenapparat. In 1913, "Iron" Army Field Telephone (Eiserner Armeefernsprecher) has come into production.

The talk key of "Eiserner Armeefernsprecher" is located on its right side and needs to be rotated 90 degrees before talking. The white Calling Button (Summerknopf) is on the front side of the rectangular telephone body while black key (incoming signal strength increase) remained on the left side where it used to be in the 1905 model, the "Armeefernsprechgerät alter Art".

 We have another sample of Eiserner Armeefernsprecher in our Showcase No. 7L.

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